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砥柱銘

2014-12-08 00:17:28 未知  共有0人圍觀
   貞觀十二年(638年)二月,唐太宗自洛陽返京途中,觀黃河中流砥柱。返京,命魏征撰文,“勒石以紀功德”(《舊唐書·太宗紀》)。砥柱,俗名三門山,在硤石縣東北五十里,黃河之中(今河南省三門峽市,在修三門峽水庫時,砥柱山已經被炸毀)。系黃河由北折而向東急流所形成的石島??装矅疲骸绊浦矫?,河水分流,包山而過,山見水中,巖柱然也?!碧谟^砥柱,見“砥柱云峰桀立,大禹之廟斯在”有感,大禹治水之功,國家四海統一,故命“有司勒銘茲石”,以紀國家公德之盛?!躲憽啡挠?07個字。至宋代大書法家黃庭堅十分推崇魏征為人,曾多次抄錄《銘》,其書法長卷為大字行楷,寫在當時著名的澄心堂大紙上。銘文云:“維十有一年,皇帝御天下之十二載也。道被域中,威加海外;六和同軌,八荒有截,功成名定,時和歲阜。越二月,東巡狩至于洛邑,肆覲禮畢,玉鑾旋軫,度崤函之險,踐分陜之地,緬維列圣,降望大河。砥柱之峰桀立,大禹之廟斯在;冕弁端委,遠契劉子,禹無閑然;玄符仲尼之嘆,皇情乃睠,載懷仰止,爰命有司勒銘茲石祝之,其詞曰:大哉伯禹!
   水土是職。掛冠莫顧,過門不息。讓德夔龍,推功益稷。櫛風沐雨,卑宮菲食。湯湯方割,襄陵伊始。事極名正,圖窮地里。興利除害,為綱為紀。寢廟為新,盛德必祀。傍臨砥柱,北眺龍門。茫茫舊跡,浩浩長源。勒斯銘以紀績,與山河而永存!”黃庭堅又在《銘文》之后題寫跋語,共189個字。又有歷代藏家題跋多達26則,此書法僅有一幅流傳至今,是傳世的珍貴墨寶。此《銘》自北宋至清,輾轉流傳于收藏家手中,后流傳入日本“有鄰館”收藏。近年復得臺灣收藏家購得。2010年6月在北京保利春拍賣,成交價達到4.368億元。其價之巨,實使人駭異。但是此《銘》在清代就有人懷疑并非是黃庭堅真跡,系后人偽造的贗品。主要論據有二:一是《銘》卷沒有黃庭堅的落款;二是與常見黃之作品字跡相比較稍有一些差異。但經過臺灣學者故宮博物院傅申再三研究考證確為真品無疑,遂有此高價的拍出。于此亦可見中華文化的源流久長及其精湛絕倫。

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